Although a small country, Wales has a stunning and varied landscape. From the sweeping valleys of the south carved by decades of heavy industry to the breathtaking natural beauty of the mountains in the north, from the busy metropolis hub of Cardiff to the pristine coast to the west - the country has much to offer.
At around 8,000 square miles (20,720 square kilometres), Wales is about the size of Massachusetts in the USA, or half the size of Switzerland. It is around 170 miles (256km) long and 60 miles (96km) wide.
Wales is an ethnically diverse country, especially in the old seaport areas of Cardiff and Newport. Cardiff, the capital city of Wales, is located on the banks of the River Taff and has a population of around 325,000. It is a busy commercial, maritime and university city. Football and rugby games at world class level are hosted in one of the most iconic structures in the city, The Millennium Stadium. In the bay area of the city, The Wales Millennium Centre is one of the most unique and lively performing arts centres in Europe, showcasing the best of Welsh and international creative outputs.
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